The birth of Athena, Athenian black-figure kylix C6th B. This page contains tales of the goddess from the sagas of the gods including her birth, death of Pallas, War of the Giants, creation of Pandora, contest with Poseidon for Athens, birth of Erikhthonios Erichthoniusand flute of Marsyas. Evelyn-White Greek epic C8th or 7th B.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Athene, Pallas Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religionthe city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemisgoddess of the outdoors.
Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. Yet the Greek economy, unlike that of the Minoans, was largely military, so that Athena, while retaining her earlier domestic functions, became a goddess of war.
The Varvakeion, a Roman marble copy c. There was an alternative story that Zeus swallowed Metis, the goddess of counselwhile she was pregnant with Athena, so that Athena finally emerged from Zeus. Being the favourite child of Zeus, she had great power.
She was thought to have had neither consort nor offspring. She may not have been described as a virgin originally, but virginity was attributed to her very early and was the basis for the interpretation of her epithets Pallas and Parthenos.
As a war goddess Athena could not be dominated by other goddesses, such as Aphroditeand as a palace goddess she could not be violated. Also in the Iliad, Zeus, the chief god, specifically assigned the sphere of war to Aresthe god of war, and Athena.
In the Iliad, Athena was the divine form of the heroic, martial ideal: The qualities that led to victory were found on the aegisor breastplate, that Athena wore when she went to war: As the guardian of the welfare of kings, Athena became the goddess of good counsel, of prudent restraint and practical insight, as well as of war.
She was widely worshipped, but in modern times she is associated primarily with Athensto which she gave her name. Her birth and her contest with Poseidonthe sea god, for the suzerainty of the city were depicted on the pediments of the Parthenonand the great festival of the Panathenaeain July, was a celebration of her birthday.
She was also worshipped in many other cities, notably in Sparta. Athena became the goddess of crafts and skilled peacetime pursuits in general. She was particularly known as the patroness of spinning and weaving. That she ultimately became allegorized to personify wisdom and righteousness was a natural development of her patronage of skill.
Athena was customarily portrayed wearing body armour and a helmet and carrying a shield and a lance. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Athena was the Olympian goddess of wisdom, war, heroism and crafts. This page contains tales of the goddess from the sagas of the gods including her birth, death of Pallas, War of the Giants, creation of Pandora, contest with Poseidon for Athens, birth of Erichthonius, and flute of Marsyas.
Minerva is the Roman goddess of wisdom. She was also the goddess of trade, the arts, and strategy in war. Her domains included medicine, poetry, and handicrafts as well. The Goddess Athena vs. Minerva: A Comparison of Greek and Roman Myths PAGES 1.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: the goddess athena, roman myths, the goddess minerva, greek myths. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. In the Parthenon was the goddess of wisdom and that was Athena.
There was statues of most of the gods and goddesses in the Greek culture. All the people who went there obeyed Athena, all except Medusa.
Oct 08, · Minerva was the Roman name of Greek goddess Athena.
She was considered to be the virgin goddess of warriors, poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, crafts, and the inventor of music. This article focuses Status: Resolved. To the Greeks, Athena was the goddess of war and wisdom. Athena was one of the virgin goddesses and Minerva was too.
They were different because Minerva was more known as the goddess of arts and crafts in Roman mythology, and was hardly associated with war.