Javan tiger Save The Javan tiger Panthera tigris sondaica was a tiger population that lived in the Indonesian island of Java until the mid s.
Bonobo Save The bonobo ; Pan paniscusalso called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan ; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee. Although the name "chimpanzee" is sometimes used to refer to both species together, it is usually understood as referring to the common chimpanzee, whereas Pan paniscus is usually referred to as the bonobo.
The species is omnivorous and inhabits primary and secondary forestsincluding seasonally inundated swamp forests.
Political instability in the region and the timidity of bonobos has meant there has been relatively little field work done observing the species in its natural habitat. Along with the common chimpanzee, the bonobo is the closest extant relative to humans.
Bonobos live south of the river, and thereby were separated from the ancestors of the common chimpanzee, which live north of the river.
There are no concrete data on population numbers, but the estimate is between 29, and 50, individuals.
The species is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and is threatened by habitat destruction and human population growth and movement, though commercial poaching is the most prominent threat.
They typically live 40 years in captivity; their lifespan in the wild is unknown. Etymology Despite the alternative common name "pygmy chimpanzee", the bonobo is not especially diminutive when compared to the common chimpanzee, with exception of its head. The appellative "pigmy" is instead owed to its namer, Ernst Schwarz zoologistwho classified the species after observing a previously mislabeled bonobo cranium, due to the diminutive size compared to the chimpanzee's counterpart.
The name is thought to be a misspelling on a shipping crate from the town of Bolobo on the Congo River near the location from which the first bonobo specimens were collected in the s.
Existing chimpanzee populations in West and Central Africa do not overlap with the major human fossil sites in East Africa. However, Pan fossils have now been reported from Kenya. This would indicate that both humans and members of the Pan clade were present in the East African Rift Valley during the Middle Pleistocene.
Zihlman, bonobo body proportions closely resemble those of Australopithecus , leading evolutionary biologist Jeremy Griffith to suggest that bonobos may be a living example of our distant human ancestors. Schwarz published his findings in There still is controversy, however.
Scientists such as Jared Diamond in The Third Chimpanzeeand Morris Goodman  of Wayne State University in Detroit suggest that the bonobo and common chimpanzee are so closely related to humans that their genus name also should be classified with the human genus Homo: Homo paniscus, Homo sylvestris, or Homo arboreus.
An alternative philosophy suggests that the term Homo sapiens is the misnomer rather, and that humans should be reclassified as Pan sapiens, though this would violate the Principle of Priorityas Homo was named before Pan for the former, for the latter.
In either case, a name change of the genus would have implications on the taxonomy of extinct species closely related to humans, including Australopithecus.
The current line between Homo and non-Homo species is drawn about 2. DNA evidence suggests the bonobo and common chimpanzee species effectively separated from each other fewer than one million years ago. Because no species other than Homo sapiens has survived from the human line of that branching, both Pan species are the closest living relatives of humans and cladistically are equally close to humans.
The recent genome data confirms the genetic equidistance. Description The bonobo is commonly considered to be more gracile than the common chimpanzee. Although large male chimpanzees can exceed any bonobo in bulk and weight, the two species actually broadly overlap in body size.
Adult female bonobos are somewhat smaller than adult males. It has a black face with pink lips, small ears, wide nostrils, and long hair on its head that forms a parting.
Females have slightly more prominent breasts, in contrast to the flat breasts of other female apes, although not so prominent as those of humans. The bonobo also has a slim upper body, narrow shoulders, thin neck, and long legs when compared to the common chimpanzee.A pre-twentieth century story by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle called 'The Speckled Band' & a modern story by Colin Dexter called Neighbourhood Watch.
I will describe the language, characters, social and historical context, Style, the plot, similarities and differences between .
The documented similarities between human and animal genome characteristics allow animal foren-sics to share broad acceptance of the principles that are the basis for accepting human genetic data. While many of these analyses have been performed on the common chimpanzee rather than the bonobo, the differences between the two Pan species are unlikely to be substantial enough to affect the Pan-Homo comparison significantly.
There still is controversy, however. The dilemma was that the differences between archaea and any of the other five kingdoms were greater than the differences among those other kingdoms. The three-domain organization has gained acceptance as distinctions among the groups have accumulated.
African lion found in Africa continent only especially in sub-Saharan Africa where they prey on wildebeest, zebra, wild pigs, deer, antelopes and other small and large size animals like wild buffaloes etc. African lion is an apex predator and they hunt in group called pride and female mostly hunts the prey.
The Bali tiger was also not closely related to the Trinil because of their time differences. The Trinil tiger was the oldest form of a tiger that lived million years ago in Indonesia, particularly in Java and Trinil, although according to some zoologists, it could be .