City of Hope Beckman Research Institute Small Animal Imaging East Duarte Road Duarte, CA Preliminary testing in laboratory animals has long been essential to the development of new pharmaceuticals and of new methods for the treatment of human disease. The current development of sophisticated transgenic animal models—coupled with a growing recognition of the importance of understanding of disease processes in the context of the living host—has extended the use of animal experimentation beyond safety and efficacy testing into the realm of mechanistic investigation. Thanks to non-invasive imaging, researchers can now perform multiple measurements, over time, in the same animal. This development not only enhances data quality in studies of dynamic molecular and of physiologic processes—it greatly reduces the number of animals required for such studies.
The Impact of Information Technology on Work and Society Introduction Aim of the report The aim of this report is to provide a brief summary of some of the main technological developments that have taken place in information technology and how these developments have had an influence on the way we work and on society in general, in the last thirty years.
These definitions will help define the scope of this report. Information technology is the technology used to store, manipulate, distribute or create information.
The type of information or data is not important to this definition. The technology is any mechanism capable of processing this data.
Some of these twentieth century tools include: The elements of this phrase can be split up into two main considerations, e. This report aims to provide a brief summary of these developments. How the report will achieve the aim The report will provide a summary of the main developments that have occurred in the last thirty years of information technology.
After the technological justification the report will then examine what influence if any these advances have had on society. Identification of main developments The identification of significant developments begins chronologically in It was decided to arrange the developments in a chronological order.
The advantages of this approach for this section of the report are that the developments are presented in a logical order. A development in the sphere of information technology often was dependent upon other developments that preceded it. The chronological order therefore provides a simple and commonly understood framework in which to present the summary.
Timeline The Arpanet is introduced, funded by the department of defence. The first automatic teller machine is introduced. Codd describes the relational model databases http: The first single chip central processing unit was introduced, the Intel The Xerox Paulo Alto Research Centre developed the Alto, an experimental computer that uses a graphical user interface and a mouse.
The first electronic spreadsheet program is introduced. IBM introduces its first personal computer with an operating system developed by Microsoft. Microsoft releases the Windows operating system.
The first full length feature movie createdby a computer is released.
The emergence of electronic commerce. Justification of developments selected Sections dealing with the impact of the developments will show the justification of the developments mentioned above.
However to justify them on a technical scale is also important. They have been selected as being among the most important developments in information technology of the last thirty years. However some of the developments highlighted have been included instead of other similar developments.
This is because of the impact on the general society which influence is the main examination of this report that these specific developments have had. It is important to note however some of the potential pitfalls in developing a technical history. However rather than continue to follow a simple chronologically ordered summary, organised with the developments as the starting point.
The report will first identify some general areas of society and evaluate the influences which information technology has had on these areas.
Therefore we shall use the common traditions, institutions and collective activities and interests as the basis for our examination of the impact information technology has had on society. This integration will occur in two areas of the analysis of society, first the institutions and second the collective activities of the society.
Common Traditions How has the development of information technology influenced the common traditions of a society? Tradition can be defined as the following: Cultural continuity in social attitudes, customs, and institutions. The most relevant question though is whether the developments in information technologies have influenced the continuity of social attitudes, customs or institutions.
The question of the effect on institutions will however be dealt with later in the report. Cultural Continuity How has the development of information technology influenced the cultural continuity of general society? The question of a change in the continuity of social attitudes or customs is a question that by itself could occupy an entire report.
However it shall be dealt with briefly here.A valuable collection of primary sources for anyone who wishes to truly understand the evolution of American history and government.
The core documents upon which the American republic is founded include the Declaration of Independence, The Constitution, and . Group 4 - Social Issues:The effects of computers on children.
Mechanics - 4 Organization - 4 Originality - 3 Requirements - 4 Content - 4 Collaboration - 4 I scored this project as high as I did due to the fact that it met or exceeded all the criteria for the scoring. Importance Of Computers In Society Information Technology Essay.
Print Reference this It is known that the rapid growth of computer usage time. In all areas have been using computers to launch a business.
in financial transactions also eliminate cash transactions involving the community with the goal to create a cashless society. Role. (1) Introduction Aims and objectives.
The term "The Information Society" is rapidly gaining currency as one that encapsulates what is essentially different about 21st century society.
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