First Secretary of the Treasury Signer of the Constitution of This 19th Century engraving was made from the full-length portrait of Alexander Hamilton by John Trumbull, oil on canvas, His father was James Hamilton, a Scottish merchant of St. When Rachael was very young, she had married a Danish proprietor of St. Croix named John Michael Levine.
Ministers of the Church of England in Virginia were paid their annual salaries in tobacco. A tobacco shortage caused by drought led to price increases in the late s.
The Stamp Act of required American colonists to pay a small tax on every piece of paper they used. Colonists viewed the Stamp Act — an attempt by England to raise money in the colonies without approval from colonial legislatures — as a troublesome precedent.
Patrick Henry responded to the Stamp Act with a series of resolutions introduced to the Virginia legislature in a speech.
The resolves declared that Americans should be taxed only by their own representatives and that Virginians should pay no taxes except those voted on by the Virginia legislature. Later in the speech, Henry flirted with treason when he hinted that the King risked suffering the same fate as Julius Caesar if he maintained his oppressive policies.
Give me liberty, or give me death! Henry spoke without notes. No transcripts exist from his famous address. The only known version of the speech was reconstructed in a biography of Henry by author William Wirt, leading some historians to speculate that the famous Patrick Henry quote may have been fabricated by Wirt to sell copies of his book.
Henry and other Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the United States Constitutionwhich created a strong federal government. Patrick Henry worried that a federal government that was too powerful and too centralized could evolve into a monarchy.
While the Anti-Federalists were unable to stop the ratification of the U. The first 10 Amendments to the United States Constitution, known collectively as the Bill of Rights, protected individual liberties and placed limits on the powers of the federal government.
Besides a brief stint as a Virginia delegate to the Continental Congress — the United States government during the American Revolution — Patrick Henry never held national public office.
He died in at the age of Patrick Henry, Orator of Liberty; U.The War of Independence had began and at a mass meeting held in the fields in New York City on July 6, , Hamilton made a sensational speech attacking British policies. This web-friendly presentation of the original text of the Federalist Papers (also known as The Federalist) was obtained from the e-text archives of Project Gutenberg.
Preface by Bernard Bailyn Introduction by Robert J. Allison. PART 1: THE DEBATE OPENS Benjamin Franklin, Speech at the Conclusion of the Constitutional Convention, September 17, Anti-Federalist Papers is the collective name given to works written by the Founding Fathers who were opposed to or concerned with the merits of the United States Constitution of Starting on 25 September (8 days after the final draft of the US Constitution) and running through the early s, these anti-Federalists published a series of essays arguing against a stronger and more.
The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects the freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom of the press. It also protects the right to peaceful protest and to petition the.
The Federalist Papers essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Federalist Papers by .