Breckinridge was a politician who served as the 14th vice president of the United States and as a Confederate general during the Civil War A native of Kentucky, Breckinridge began his political career as a state representative before serving in the Taken prisoner after his plane was shot down, he suffered five and a half years of torture and confinement before his release in Inhe began his long tenure as the U.
His political career started in the House of Representatives inwhere he distinguished himself as one of the leaders of the War Hawks. Inwhen Andrew Jackson defeated John Q. Adams in the presidential election, Calhoun continued to serve as a vice president in the new administration.
Because of his vehement support for South Carolina during the nullification crisis, Calhoun clashed with Andrew Jackson, which forced him to resign his position as vice president before the end of his term. Later in life, Calhoun remained a fervent supporter of white Southern interests.
Calhoun had three brothers and a sister. Young John Calhoun had a natural disposition for academic learning, but the closest school in the region functioned intermittently.
Meanwhile, he discovered a strong passion for reading and spent his free time studying privately. When the local academy reopened, he resumed his formal studies with financial support from his siblings.
InCalhoun enrolled at Yale College, in Connecticut, where he found an effervescent intellectual climate. Calhoun was very popular among students and possessed both discipline and academic curiosity.
In JanuaryCalhoun married Floride Bonneau Colhoun, who was from a wealthy and highly influential family from Charleston. Over the course of their long marriage, the couple had 10 children, three of whom died in infancy. He quickly befriended Speaker of the House Henry Clay and became one of the most prominent figures among the War Hawks, a faction of young senators who fiercely wanted the U.
On June 18,Congress declared war upon Britain and Calhoun immediately made himself available wherever necessary. He struggled to recruit volunteers and to manage complicated logistics.
Through his actions during the war, Calhoun proved himself capable of managing any distressful situation with a calm that inspired others. I am a planter - a cotton planter. I am a Southern man and a slaveholder - a kind and a merciful one, I trust - and none the worse for being a slaveholder.
Calhoun Secretary of War InPresident Monroe found it difficult to appoint someone for the position of Secretary of War because the department needed a thorough reorganization, but Calhoun decided to take the opportunity.
He served as Secretary of War from December 8,until During his first year in the War Department, Calhoun clashed for the first time with Andrew Jacksonwhen Jackson engaged in an unauthorized war against Spain by attacking the Seminole tribes who sought shelter in Spanish Florida.
Acting without direct approval from either President James Monroe or Secretary of War Calhoun, Jackson put both of them in a difficult position, using his popularity of a war hero as an excuse. Calhoun accused Jackson of not respecting the chain of command, but since President Monroe wanted to avoid a direct confrontation with the popular Jackson, the matter was never settled as Calhoun would have wanted.
After the incidents in Spanish Florida, Calhoun felt that the U. Army was in desperate need of reorganization. He took it upon himself to strengthen the War Department by securing a stable, professional army.
He also added steam frigates to the navy. To accomplish his goals as Secretary of War, Calhoun clashed repeatedly with other members of Congress, who thought that once the war with Britain had ended, a huge army was not necessary anymore. Another major responsibility of Calhoun as Secretary of War was to manage relations with the Indian tribes.
He helped eastern Indians preserve their autonomy by relocating the tribes to reservations in western territories, over which they had full control.
Calhoun also led the negotiation for the signing of numerous treaties with the Indians. InCalhoun created the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Vice Presidency InJohn C. Calhoun was one of the five main candidates for the presidency of the United States, along with Andrew Jackson, William H. In spite of his hopes, Calhoun did not manage to win the support of his home state. At the suggestion of his supporters, he accepted to participate in the election for the vice presidency and was assured that he would win.
Concerned about the way the presidential election had unrolled, Calhoun was suspicious of Adams and so his vice presidency began with a negative tone. Meanwhile, Adams saw Calhoun as an obstacle to his agenda.National Merit Scholar and Fulbright Get these free sample essays from Essay an essay on the spanish influence in the new world an essay on the spanish influence in the new world Writer for UK students and academics free sample essays covering a an essay on the spanish influence in the new world wide range of subject areas and topics The American Empire By Wade Frazier Revised July Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.
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